- Generic Name or Active Ingridient: Hydrocodone
Vicoprofen withdrawal is the predictable and normal consequence of a sudden drop in opioid levels in a person who is physically dependent on this type of drug. Flu-like withdrawal symptoms are the hallmark of Vicoprofen withdrawal, although you may experience psychological symptoms when you stop taking Vicoprofen.
When you ingest substances like drugs or alcohol, your body responds by adjusting its own chemistry. You may become physically dependent if you use Vicoprofen long enough, which means your body relies on a certain level of Vicoprofen to feel "normal." If you let your Vicoprofen levels fall quickly, your body struggles to maintain chemical balance; doctors call this the detoxification process. You experience detoxification through withdrawal symptoms that can last five or more days.
Detoxification causes withdrawal symptoms in the opioid-dependent person. You can cause detoxification by missing a Vicoprofen dose, taking an inadequate dose or by consuming drugs that reduce opioid levels. One such medication is naloxone, used by emergency department physicians to bring down opioid levels in overdose patients.
Without intervention, withdrawal symptoms last five or more days with the worst symptoms occurring on or about the fourth day. Some drugs ease withdrawal symptoms or shorten their duration somewhat. There are also replacement drugs, such as methadone, that mimic the effects of Vicoprofen in a way that reduces withdrawal symptoms. You can also stop withdrawal symptoms at any time by taking another dose of Vicoprofen.
You may be able to avoid Vicoprofen withdrawal symptoms by weaning yourself from this medication when you no longer need it or when directed to do so by a doctor. Taper your Vicoprofen use by taking successively smaller doses increasingly further apart over the course of a week or two. Talk with your doctor or a qualified detoxification or rehabilitation center if you cannot stop using Vicoprofen without suffering withdrawal symptoms.
Using a drug non-medically increases the risk for dependence and addiction. Non-medical use means to take a drug to get high or to treat a condition for which the doctor had not intended.
Using Vicoprofen for a long time may cause your body to become tolerant to the drug's effects. Increased tolerance means Vicoprofen does not work as well to relieve your pain and that it stops relieving your pain sooner. When you are tolerant to Vicoprofen, you have to take stronger doses of Vicoprofen more often to relieve your pain or to get high. People develop tolerance at different rates.
Facts about Vicoprofen
Vicoprofen contains two pain relievers. Hydrocodone is a powerful opioid drug that may cause physical dependence or addiction. Ibuprofen is a less potent pain reliever and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, or NSAID. Ibuprofen is not associated with dependence or addiction.
Hydrocodone acts directly on your nervous system to relieve pain and cause euphoria. Ibuprofen disrupts the production of chemicals responsible for sending pain signals to your brain. These two drugs work together to change the way your brain perceives pain.
Anyone can become physically dependent on Vicoprofen after using this drug continually for a long time. Physical dependence and subsequent Vicoprofen withdrawal syndrome does not necessarily mean a person has abused drugs illegally - a person can become physically dependent on Vicoprofen after using it as prescribed to treat a chronic condition.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, or DEA, classifies controlled substances according to their relative risk for abuse. A schedule I narcotic, such as heroin, is associated with high rates of abuse and provides no medical benefit. A schedule V drug poses little threat of abuse.
Hydrocodone is a schedule II drug, meaning it carries a relatively high risk for abuse. You can only get hydrocodone with a doctor's prescription and only in combination with other drugs; Vicoprofen passes this regulation by combining hydrocodone with ibuprofen. Since Vicoprofen contains less than 15 mg of hydrocodone, the DEA lowers its risk to a schedule III narcotic.
The manufacturer's label states that it usually takes several weeks of continued use to develop clinically significant dependence, but that a person can become mildly dependent after using Vicoprofen for only a few days.
Facts about Hydrocodone Abuse
Doctors prescribe hydrocodone more frequently than any other drug, writing more than 139 million prescriptions for products containing hydrocodone in 2010. This widespread availability means a large number of people are at risk for developing dependence or addiction to hydrocodone products.
More people are now addicted to prescription painkillers than to illegal drugs. The National Institute on Drug Abuse, or NIDA, estimates there were 1.9 million Americans addicted to prescription drugs such as Vicoprofen in 2010, compared to only 329,000 heroin addicts.
Symptoms of Vicoprofen withdrawal are uncomfortable but not usually deadly. Vicoprofen causes physical symptoms similar to the flu but the detoxification process also causes psychological symptoms. The psychological aspects of detoxification can be detrimental to rehabilitation efforts, as detoxification may cause you to feel incapable or unworthy of recovery.
Symptoms of opioid withdrawal typically occur in two waves. The first set of symptoms usually begins 12 hours after the last dose of opioids and includes agitation, anxiety, muscle aches, watery eyes and insomnia. You may also experience runny nose, excessive sweating and yawning. Later symptoms include abdominal cramping, diarrhea, dilated pupils, goose bumps, nausea and vomiting.
While Vicoprofen withdrawal is not normally life threatening, withdrawal symptoms may cause dangerous complications. One such complication is aspiration, which entails vomiting and then breathing stomach contents into your lungs. Aspiration may cause lung infections or fluid in the lungs. Dehydration caused by excessive vomiting and diarrhea is another dangerous complication. Dehydration may result in electrolyte imbalances.
The greatest complication of detoxification is relapse to Vicoprofen abuse. Physical dependence and addiction is usually marked with cycles of remission and relapse. Relapse soon after any amount of detoxification may result in toxic overdose, as the detoxification process reduces your tolerance to hydrocodone. You could potentially overdose on a smaller dose than you used to take before you experienced even moderate withdrawal symptoms.
Without adequate and prompt treatment, addiction and physical dependence may result in disability or premature death. Long-term use of Vicoprofen increases your risk for suffering side effects associated with this drug, exposure to infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis or hepatitis B and C. Using high doses of Vicoprofen or using this drug frequently increases your risk for potentially deadly toxic overdose.
There is a growing need for treatment facilities trained in Vicoprofen withdrawal and other substance abuse problems. NIDA notes that more than 23 million people in the United States needed treatment for alcohol or substance abuse in 2010, yet only 11 percent of those who needed treatment got it at a specialty facility. These special treatment facilities help people overcome physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms with advanced detoxification and rehabilitation techniques.
Treatment consists of two phases. Detoxification is the process of lowering Vicoprofen levels and dealing with the ensuing withdrawal symptoms. Rehabilitation modifies behaviors that keep you trapped in the cycle of drug abuse, reducing the number of times you have to endure the discomfort of Vicoprofen withdrawal.
Some people attempt detoxification at home, without medicine to ease withdrawal symptoms or medical professionals to monitor for complications. This is commonly called "going cold turkey," a reference to the way your skin resembles a plucked goose during detoxification: cold, clammy and pale with goose bumps.
Without anti-withdrawal medications, many individuals who attempt self-detoxification relapse to Vicoprofen use. These people are at higher risk for complications such as aspiration and dehydration.
The Thomas Recipe
Some individuals use a homemade treatment plan to overcome Vicoprofen withdrawal symptoms. One plan is The Thomas Recipe, which calls for Valium, Xanax or another medication to calm anxiety and to induce sleep. Imodium curbs diarrhea, while vitamins, supplements and hot baths sooths muscle aches and body pains. L-Tyrosine boosts energy levels to help with malaise. Once the worst Vicoprofen withdrawal symptoms subside, the individual tapers his Valium use.
The Thomas Recipe eases Vicoprofen withdrawal symptoms but it does not protect against relapse or complications, nor does it address the behaviors associated with substance abuse. As with relapse after self-detoxification, returning to Vicoprofen use after engaging in The Thomas Recipe increases your risk for toxic overdose.
Opioid overdose can kill you. You can overdose on either the hydrocodone or the ibuprofen components of Vicoprofen. If you think you have taken an overdose, go to the nearest hospital or call for an ambulance. If you are uncertain what to do, contact the poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdosing on the hydrocodone component of Vicoprofen can cause the breathing problem respiratory depression, which is a condition where your lungs do not adequately exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide and other toxins. Severe hydrocodone overdose could cause stopped breathing, circulatory collapse, heart attack and death.
Hydrocodone overdose symptoms include extreme sleepiness progressing into coma, flaccid muscles and cold, clammy skin. Other symptoms include dangerously low blood pressure or slow heartbeat. Symptoms of ibuprofen overdose include headache, dizziness, vision problems, ringing in the ears, rash, mental disturbances, swelling, inflammation and swelling inside the mouth and high blood potassium levels.
Ibuprofen overdose causes irritation of the digestive tract sometimes severe enough to result in hemorrhage or perforation. Taking an overdose of ibuprofen might damage your kidneys, liver or heart, in addition to blood disorders such as clotting problems, various types of anemia. Ibuprofen overdose may result in meningitis, which is inflammation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord.
Drug Replacement Therapy
Those without toxic levels of opioids may choose drug replacement therapy, or DRT. This type of therapy replaces Vicoprofen with medications that mimic the effects of opioids, so you do not feel withdrawal symptoms, yet DRT drugs do not cause euphoria. Common DRT medications include methadone, Suboxone and buprenorphine.
DRT allows you to put off the detoxification process temporarily until after you modify some of the behaviors that keep you in the cycle of abuse. Once you participate in some measure of rehabilitation, you wean yourself from the replacement drug by taking smaller doses.
The most common detoxification procedure involves the administration of naloxone to drop Vicoprofen levels and anti-withdrawal drug to make the patient more comfortable. Nurses monitor your condition and watch for complications. While standard detoxification practices lower opioid levels, patients must still contend with the unpleasant psychological aspects of withdrawal.
Rehabilitation professionals recognize rapid detox as the most humane and efficient form of detoxification therapy available today. During rapid detox, board-certified anesthesiologists administer the standard detoxification and anti-withdrawal drugs along with sedatives and anesthesia, so that the patient rests in a comfortable "twilight sleep."
When the patient awakens, she will not remember the uncomfortable and demoralizing detoxification process. This puts the individual in a better emotional state for meaningful rehabilitation.
Detoxification is only the first stage of recovery and, by itself, had little effect on the behaviors associated with substance abuse. Rehabilitation teaches you how to live without Vicoprofen.
Substance abuse, physical dependence and addiction are complex conditions requiring equally complex approaches to treatment. No single treatment plan is appropriate for everyone and most people engage in a variety of behavioral modification techniques. Individual, family and group counseling, along with medications, are common in rehabilitation.
There is a variety of rehabilitative treatment options available, from monthly visits at an out-patient clinic to a stay in a long-term residential setting. Whatever form of treatment you choose, it must be readily available so you can participate long enough to make significant and lasting behavioral changes. It is vital that you remain in treatment for an adequate amount of time. Furthermore, treatment must attend to your multiple needs, such as mental health issues or social problems, and not just focus on your drug abuse.
Your rehabilitation counselor is a powerful ally in overcoming Vicoprofen withdrawal and dependence. Your counselor will assess your condition and create a treatment plan that addresses your individual needs. She will modify this plan throughout your treatment to ensure it fits your changing needs. You may need to submit to drug tests, as relapses are common.
She may request testing for infectious diseases and provide risk-reduction education to help you avoid contracting or spreading these diseases.