- Generic Name or Active Ingridient: Butorphanol Tartrate
- Abdominal Cramping
- Fever, Runny Nose or Sneezing
- Goose Bumps and Abnormal Skin Sensations
- Hot Sweats and Cold Sweats
- Low Energy Level
- Muscle Aches or Pains
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Rapid Heartbeat
- Rigid Muscles
- Runny Nose
- Shivering, Tremors
- Teary Eyes
- Poor concentration
- Social isolation
- Blue Lips
- Breathing That Stops
- Cold, Clammy Skin
- Extreme Drowsiness
- Pinpoint or Dilated Pupils
- Shallow Breathing
- Slow or Uneven Heart Rate
- Weak Pulse
- Improves Survival Rates
- Increase Retention in Treatment
- Decreases Illicit Opioid Use
- Decreases the Risk for Hepatitis and HIV
- Decreases Criminal Activities
- Increases Employment
- Improves Birth Outcomes for Pregnant Women Battling Addiction
Stadol withdrawal is a normal, predictable consequence of a drastic reduction of Stadol levels in a person who is opioid-dependent. Doctors diagnose someone as being dependent on Stadol if the patient experiences withdrawal symptoms when he stops taking Stadol.
Stadol withdrawal is as a set of uncomfortable physical symptoms, which last five or more days; psychological symptoms of Stadol withdrawal could persist, especially if left undetected or untreated.
The human body adapts to certain substances introduced into the body, including Stadol, by adjusting its own chemistry to maintain a safe balance. The system becomes tolerant of certain chemicals, meaning it takes an ever-increasing amount of Stadol to cause the intended painkilling or euphoric or effect.
With prolonged use, the body may grow dependent on the chemical and permanently adjust its chemistry to accommodate the presence of Stadol. In this case, the opioid-dependent person must maintain a certain level of Stadol in order for his body to feel normal.
When Stadol levels drop dramatically, the opioid-dependent body struggles to maintain its chemical balance. This struggle manifests itself through flu-like physical and demoralizing psychological withdrawal symptoms.
Doctors call this process "detoxification." Missing a dose, taking an insufficient dose or using a medicine that drops opioid levels, such as naloxone, will cause detoxification and Stadol withdrawal symptoms.
Chronic abuse of Stadol and other opioids is leading to a high number of people suffering from physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms. It is possible for anyone who takes Stadol for a long time to develop an addiction to or dependence on opioids; opioid-dependence is not necessarily an indication of criminal intent or poor moral character. Physical dependence and Stadol withdrawal are serious conditions, requiring the help of a qualified professional.
The active ingredient in Stadol is butorphanol. Doctors prescribe Stadol to relieve moderate to severe pain resulting from injury, illness or surgery. Surgeons sometimes recommend Stadol before an operation to prevent pain and decrease awareness before or during surgery. This drug is similar to morphine; pharmacologists consider this drug more potent than Demerol.
Stadol is an opioid, derived from alkaloids from the poppy plant. Americans consume most of the opioid pain relievers on earth. Even though Americans account for about 5 percent of global population, they consume 80 percent of the world's supply of opioids, according to the Institute of Addiction Medicine.
Stadol withdrawal is uncomfortable and demoralizing but usually not life threatening. The severity and duration of withdrawal symptoms depends on dosage and duration of Stadol use.
Abuse, Dependence and Stadol Withdrawal
Medical professionals associate opioids such as Stadol with a high risk for abuse, physical dependence and addiction. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency, or DEA, classifies substances according to their potential for abuse, and classifies as a Schedule IV narcotic. This means Stadol poses a relatively low potential for abuse and mental or physical dependence. There are more cases of drug abuse associated with the nasal form of Stadol than with the injectable formula.
Some people who are dependent on Stadol try to get this drug by placing an emergency call after hours or showing up at the doctor's office just as it is closing up for the day. Another tactic is "doctor shopping" to get as many written prescriptions for Stadol from as many different doctors as possible.
Some Stadol abusers give fake prescriptions to pharmacies. Sometimes they pretend to lose a prescription or tamper with written prescription to get more pills in each bottle.
Many recreational users say they get Stadol and other prescription opioids free from friends or family members. Some purchase drugs on the street.
Stadol withdrawal usually causes symptoms similar to the flu, but withdrawal also causes psychological symptoms whose demoralizing affects can interfere with recovery efforts.
Physical symptoms of Stadol withdrawal last five or more days, with the worst symptoms occurring on or about the fourth day. A person can relieve Stadol withdrawal symptoms by taking several medications that address each symptom, drugs that mimic Stadol's effects or by taking more Stadol. Without medical attention and professional support, the promise of relief from withdrawal symptoms tempts many into taking more Stadol.
Stadol withdrawal symptoms include:
The physical symptoms associated with Stadol withdrawal often overshadow the psychological aspects of detoxification. Stadol withdrawal frequently causes an individual to believe he is unworthy or incapable of recovery. Left untreated or undertreated, psychological symptoms increase the risk for relapse.
Psychological symptoms of Stadol withdrawal include:
Detoxification increases the risk for overdose in those who return to Stadol abuse immediately. Any amount of detoxification reduces the body's tolerance to opioids. Even after feeling moderate withdrawal symptoms, a person can potentially overdose on a smaller dose of Stadol than he used to take.
Another complication of Stadol withdrawal is vomiting and then breathing the stomach contents into the lungs, a condition known as aspiration, which may result in fluid in the lungs or lung infections. Extreme vomiting and diarrhea might cause dehydration which, left untreated, could cause electrolyte imbalances and other serious medical conditions.
Relapse is the greatest complication associated with Stadol withdrawal. Many individuals suffer countless cycles of relapse and remission, especially when attempting detoxification without the help of trained professionals.
Proper treatment is critical to recovery from Stadol withdrawal. Treatment consists of two stages: detoxification and rehabilitation. Detoxification treats Stadol withdrawal while rehabilitation focuses on changing behaviors associated with drug abuse.
There are several ways to approach detoxification, including self-detoxification, drug replacement therapy, in-patient medication-assisted treatment or rapid detox.
During self-detoxification, sometimes called "going cold turkey," the individual endures Stadol withdrawal without the help of medicine to ease symptoms or professional guidance to help with psychological trauma. Self-detoxification carries a significant risk for relapse.
Some homemade treatment plans include medicines to relieve Stadol withdrawal symptoms. The Thomas Recipe includes valium or some other benzodiazepine to calm anxiety and encourage sleep. Imodium slows diarrhea while mineral supplements and hot baths relieve body aches. The Thomas Recipe recommends L-Tyrosine with B6 to boost of energy and ease malaise. The Thomas Recipe decreases Stadol withdrawal symptoms but it offers no protection against the complications aspiration, dehydration and relapse to drug use.
Returning to drug use after even a short period of abstinence may result in dangerous overdose. Detoxification lowers the body's tolerance to Stadol so it takes less of this drug to relieve pain or get high. It is possible to overdose on a smaller dose of Stadol than the individual used to take before attempting detoxification.
Taking large doses of Stadol increases the risk for toxic overdose, as does returning to opioid abuse after any amount of detoxification. Overdose is a life-threatening medical emergency. If you think you or someone you know is suffering from Stadol overdose, seek emergency assistance immediately by going to the nearest emergency room or calling an ambulance. If you need immediate help, contact your local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
Symptoms of Stadol overdose include:
Stadol overdose might be fatal - prescription painkiller overdoses killed nearly 15,000 people in the United States in 2008, according to the CDC. Prescription painkiller abuse sends nearly half a million people to emergency rooms every year.
Doctors treat Stadol overdose with naloxone and other medications that lower Stadol levels. Nurses monitor the patient's vital signs, watch for complications and establish an airway to help with breathing. Nurses might pump Stadol from the patient's stomach or administer charcoal to absorb the excess opioid. Emergency personnel may perform CPR or other life-saving measures.
Drug Replacement Therapy
An opioid-dependent person not in immediate danger of overdose may benefit from Drug Replacement Therapy, or DRT. This type of treatment uses medications that mimic the effects of Stadol. DRT drugs include methadone, Suboxone and buprenorphine.
DRT medications are similar to Stadol so they reduce withdrawal symptoms, but DRT drugs do not cause euphoria. DRT allows patients to lead relatively normal lives while engaging in rehabilitation before going through the detoxification stage.
The patient eventually weans himself from the replacement drug by taking smaller doses increasingly further apart. Many people have trouble quitting the replacement drug. Harvard Medical School says that 25 percent of methadone DRT patients ultimately stop using drugs altogether, another 25 percent continues to take the replacement drug while the final 50 percent go on and off methadone.
DRT is just one kind of Medication-Assisted Treatment, or MAT. Medications reduce the patient's Stadol withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification phase. MAT helps the individual tolerate detoxification longer, increasingly the chances of success.
Rehabilitation professionals recognize MAT as an important and effective treatment approach because it:
Rehabilitation professionals administer standard detoxification medications in an inpatient hospital setting. During standard detoxification, doctors give the patient naloxone and other medications to lower Stadol levels along with other drugs to diminish Stadol withdrawal symptoms.
Standard inpatient detoxification procedures reduce the severity and duration of Stadol withdrawal symptoms but the patient must still endure long, demoralizing battle.
Rapid detox is the most humane form of detoxification available today because it reduces the patient's exposure to the negative aspects of Stadol withdrawal. Rapid detox puts the patient in a prime position to deal with the behavioral aspects of opioid dependence.
During the rapid detox procedure, board certified anesthesiologists administer the standard detoxification and anti-withdrawal drugs alongside sedatives and anesthesia that puts the patient in a pleasant "twilight sleep." After the rapid detox procedure, the patient awakens without any memory of the difficult detoxification process. She is ready for meaningful rehabilitation in a few hours instead of a few days.
Stadol withdrawal is a significant and traumatic event, whether it is the patient's first attempt at detoxification or his twentieth. Detoxification is hard on a person's body, spirit, social life and personal relationships. Detoxification is only the first step in recovery; by itself, detoxification does little to change long-term drug abuse. Without proper rehabilitation, an individual may enter a cycle of relapse and remission.
Each person experiences opioid dependence and Stadol withdrawal differently. An individual's Stadol withdrawal symptoms depend on how long he has abused drugs, the dosages he would take and other factors.
No single treatment is appropriate for everyone. There is a wide variety of treatment options available, from weekly visits to a DRT clinic to long-term residential facilities. Individual, group and family counseling are commonly used forms of treatment, along with other types of behavioral therapy. Medications are an important part of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavior modification techniques.
It is critical that patients remain in treatment long enough to change enough behaviors associated with drug use to reduce the risk for relapse. Quitting treatment early or skipping rehabilitation altogether, increases the risk for relapse. Treatment should be convenient and perceptibly beneficial to encourage continued participation.
Effective rehabilitation attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his Stadol withdrawal symptoms. Many people dependent on drugs also have other mental disorders or social issues that make recovery more difficult.
The rehabilitation counselor will assess the patient's condition continually and modify the treatment plan as necessary to ensure it meets the individual's changing needs. The counselor will monitor the patient for drug use, as relapses do occur.
Testing for infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDs, hepatitis or tuberculosis may be part of some treatment plans. The counselor may provide education to reduce the patient's risk for contracting or spreading diseases associated with drug use.
Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective. According to NIDA, individuals under legal coercion tend to remain in treatment longer than and do better than those not under pressure.