- Generic Name or Active Ingridient: Oxycodone
Percolone contains oxycodone, a semi-synthetic opioid drug made from the opium poppy plant. Like other opioids, oxycodone works directly on the central nervous system to change the way the brain interprets brain signals. Percolone causes other neurological effects including sedation, relaxation, and a pleasant feeling of euphoria.
Percolone affects other body systems, especially smooth muscle groups like the intestinal muscles that propel stool through the digestive tract, the muscles lining blood vessels that control blood pressure, and the muscle groups in the eyes and skin that control pupil size and the development of goose bumps.
Percolone causes other neurological changes that alter the way the consumer thinks, behaves, and feels. These alterations can negatively affect the individual’s ability to work, take care of family responsibilities, or interact with others. Continued abuse can cause financial hardships, divorce or separation of family members, legal problems, and trouble with interpersonal relationships.
Oxycodone is widely available in the United States. In 2010, American pharmacists filled 58.2 million prescriptions for drugs containing oxycodone. Doctors usually prescribe Percolone to treat a patient’s moderate to severe pain, and most people take Percolone as directed. Some individuals use Percolone for non-medical reasons, either to get high or to relieve pain not associated with the condition the doctor had intended to treat when she wrote the prescription. Approximately 5 million Americans use Percolone and other prescription painkillers for non-medical reasons each year.
Anyone who uses Percolone regularly for more than a few weeks can become physically dependent on opioids, whether he uses it for therapeutic or for non-medical reasons. The body acclimates itself to the presence of some potentially toxic substances, including oxycodone. With time, the body even begins to depend on a certain level of oxycodone to feel normal - the person becomes opioid-dependent.
When the opioid-dependent person stops using Percolone, his body struggles in response to the lower opioid levels. Doctors refer to this as detoxification. The opioid-dependent person experiences Percolone detoxification through unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. These withdrawal symptoms reflect the toxic effects Percolone on the individual body systems, including the central nervous system, digestive tract, and cardiovascular system to cause mood changes, diarrhea, and high blood pressure. Percolone detoxification also causes withdrawal symptoms associated with the eyes and skin, such as dilated pupils and goose bumps.
Left uninterrupted, these withdrawal symptoms fade after a few days as the individual completes the detoxification process. Withdrawal symptoms do not return unless the person relapses to an opioid-dependent state. Taking more Percolone or another opioid will stop withdrawal symptom but relapse halts the detoxification process and returns the individual to an opioid-dependent state. Some non-opioid drugs reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms without disrupting the detoxification process.
Detoxification also refers to the medical process of lowering opioid levels and addressing the resulting withdrawal symptoms. Someone can undergo Percolone detoxification at home, with the help of an outpatient clinic, or as an inpatient in a hospital or special facility that specializes in detoxification procedures.
Percolone detoxification is only one part of the recovery process. By itself, detoxification does very little to change the behaviors associated with drug abuse. Most opioid-dependent people benefit from rehabilitation to learn how to lead a drug-free life. Rehabilitation usually includes counseling and behavior modification that teaches the individual to recognize situations that may lead to drug abuse and how to refuse drugs when offered.
Percolone detoxification ends withdrawal symptoms and facilitates the patient’s entry into rehabilitation. Detoxification helps patients remain in rehabilitation long enough to reverse the toxic physical and neurological effects of Percolone. Detoxification restores the individual’s ability to think clearly, interact with others, and take care of personal responsibilities including work and childcare duties. Percolone detoxification promotes abstinence, reducing the occurrence and severity of drug use episodes.
Types of Detox
About 1.9 million Americans are dependent on Percolone and other prescription painkillers. This number of opioid-dependent people has grown slightly since 2004, when there were 1.4 million opioid-dependent people in the United States. Each of these individuals will need to undergo detoxification to reach an opioid-free state.
Of those that need detoxification, only about 10 percent receive help through a specialty facility, such as a hospital, outpatient clinic, or mental health facility. Everyone else attempts self-help, goes to a private physician, seeks treatment in an emergency room, or tries to quit while incarcerated.
When it comes time to stop using Percolone to relieve pain, a doctor will normally suggest a patient wean herself from opioids by taking smaller doses each day - just enough to stop withdrawal symptoms - until she completes the detoxification process. This self-detoxification works well for those who have been opioid-dependent for only a short time and who require little supervision during the detoxification process.
Lingering withdrawal symptoms prevent some people from tapering Percolone. This individual might try discontinuing Percolone abruptly, sometimes called “quitting cold turkey.” While quitting cold turkey does bring the body to an opioid-free state, it is associated with severe and long-lasting withdrawal symptoms.
Some people reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms associated with Percolone detoxification
Many individuals seek out natural detoxification remedies, including acupuncture, meditation, yoga and massage. Others use a nutritional approach, consuming only certain herbs, vegetables, fruits, soups and juices to help the body naturally detoxify itself. Ginger and peppermint relieve nausea, for example, while chamomile and cayenne curb diarrhea.
Self-medication methods such as The Thomas Recipe.
Includes a benzodiazepine such as Valium, Librium, Ativan or Xanax for anxiety and insomnia. Imodium for diarrhea, L-Tyrosine for malaise, Vitamin B6 and supplements along with hot baths for muscle aches and restless leg syndrome.
Outpatient detoxification is appropriate for those patients that have been dependent on opioids for more than a year and who require little supervision. As with other types of care, healthcare providers take a comprehensive approach including medicines and psychotherapy including behavior modification.
Usually done with replacement Drugs: Such as Methadone, Suboxone, Subutex and or Buprenorhine.
Sometimes outpatient clinics will administer methadone or buprenorphine as a “step down” drug to ease withdrawal symptoms in patients attempting detoxification at home. Doctors refer to this as medication-assisted treatment or medically supervised withdrawal. Patients start out on a high dose of the replacement drug during the induction phase and reduce the daily dosage over the course of several days or weeks during the tapering phase.
German laboratories first synthesized methadone in 1939 as a pain reliever. In 1964, doctors developed methadone as a response to an epidemic of heroin use sweeping across New York City. The FDA approved methadone for use in the treatment of opioid dependence in 1972.
About 100,000 Americans use a methadone maintenance program. Methadone patients come to the methadone clinic for a drink containing methadone. The effects of methadone last 24 to 36 hours. Some methadone clinics offer services including vocational and educational aid, referrals to other services, support for family members and treatment for co-existing substance abuse problems.
Doctors normally start patients on 10 to 15 mg of methadone, increasing dosages by 10 mg each day until the patient no longer experiences withdrawal symptoms. Once the physician determines a safe and effective induction dose, he decreases subsequent doses by 10 mg each day until the patient is no longer dependent on opioids.
Taken three times a week under the tongue. Doctors who receive advanced training have been able to prescribe buprenorphine for home use through local offices since 2002. There is a risk for abuse from recreational users who dissolve and inject buprenorphine. Since 2002, the FDA has allowed doctors to write buprenorphine prescriptions for take-home use. According to early rules, patients had to be in treatment for nine months before they could take home a one-week supply of buprenorphine. The Department of Health and Human Services eased restrictions even more in 2013, allowing new patients to take home enough buprenorphine to last a week or more.
Some patients use buprenorphine as part of medically supervised withdrawal. While there is no set tapering schedule, some patients can complete detoxification in as little as one week, spending the first one to three days in the induction phase and tapering during days four through seven.
Buprenorphine is available under the brand name, Subutex.
Suboxone is a brand name preparations of buprenorphine that also contain naloxone, sometimes referred to as Narcan, which has little effect when dissolved under the tongue but neutralizes the effects of buprenorphine when injected.
Treat the individual symptoms of the withdrawal with a non opiate medication. One medication is given for anxiety, another for nausea, another for diarrhea, and another to decrease a derivative of adrenaline that becomes elevated during withdrawal. The benefit of this approach is that the withdrawal is less uncomfortable than quitting cold turkey and is not prolonged through the use of substitute opiate medications.
The patient may receive an anti-emetic like Hydroxyzine or Promethazine to calm nausea, Loperamide for diarrhea, and Clonidine for a variety of symptoms including watery eyes, sweating and restlessness. The physician may administer naltrexone to lower opioid levels and initiate the detoxification process.
Inpatient treatment is appropriate for those who:
have suffered an overdose and cannot receive treatment safely in an outpatient setting.
Are at risk for severe withdrawal symptoms or complications
Have co-existing conditions that make outpatient detoxification unsafe
Have a documented history of not engaging in or benefiting from less restrictive programs
Have psychiatric problems that impair his ability to participate in treatment, including depression with suicidal thoughts or acute psychosis.
Exhibit behaviors that may cause danger to himself or others
Have not responded to less restrictive forms of treatment and suffers opioid dependence severe enough to pose a threat to the patient or others
Rapid Opiate Detox
Rapid opiate detox is a safe and effective procedure that rids the body of opiates while the patient rests in a comfortable “twilight sleep.”
Our detox center: Who we are and what we do
Fully accredited hospital, board-certified anesthesiologists, other medical professionals deliver compassionate and effective care for more than a decade.
Treat patients as people, not as drug addicts.
Pre-screening in an accredited facility for pre-existing conditions that undermine success. Create a treatment plan according to the patient’s personal needs. Complete detoxification. Follow up in an aftercare facility.
Self-detoxification is the least expensive and most private. Associated with most risk for complications due to uncontrolled withdrawal symptoms.
Outpatient maintenance is better than self-detoxification in that it offers replacement drugs and counseling. Outpatient care reduces the risk for complications. Patients remain in treatment for months or years.
Inpatient care is better because it offers complete detoxification before the individual engages in rehabilitation. Inpatient care offers more monitoring. Completion rates are highest for detoxification services - about 66 percent - and lowest for outpatient treatment at about 42 percent. Only about 14 percent of those participating in outpatient medication-assisted therapy with methadone or buprenorphine complete treatment.
The average length of stay for detoxification is 4 days, compared with 197 days for medication-assisted therapy.
Rapid detox is the most humane and efficient approach, offering fast and complete detoxification. Rapid detox brings the patient to a drug-free state in hours rather than days or months. Rapid detox frees the patient from the uncomfortable and demoralizing withdrawal symptoms that interfere with recovery.
Detox Possible Complications
The detoxification process is not usually a life-threatening procedure but complications can be dangerous. Pre-existing medical conditions and co-existing substance abuse problems increase the risk for complications, as do pregnancy and long-term or severe substance abuse.
The primary complication associated with all forms of Percolone detoxification is relapse. The individual may take more Percolone to stop the painful withdrawal symptoms during the detoxification process, or she may relapse after completing Percolone detoxification.
Anyone who relapses during or immediately following detoxification is at high risk for a potentially fatal overdose. Percolone detoxification lowers the individual’s tolerance of Percolone, making him more sensitive to the effects of oxycodone. This means someone could possibly overdose on a smaller dose than he used to take before experiencing even moderate withdrawal symptoms for a short time.
Prescription drug overdose is a growing problem among Americans, with the number of drug overdose deaths more than tripling since 1990. Overdose from opioid pain relievers like this drug claim the lives of 14,800 Americans in 2008, killing more people than overdose from cocaine and heroin combined.
Self Detox Possible Complications
Severe withdrawal symptoms are a serious complication associated with self-detoxification, as it can be difficult to determine the right dosages during the tapering process. Overpowering or lingering withdrawal symptoms prevent many from completing self-detoxification.
The lack of prescreening, anti-withdrawal drugs, and professional guidance increases the risk for complications when someone quits cold turkey. Excessive and extended vomiting or diarrhea can cause dehydration and imbalances in sodium, potassium and other electrolytes.
Severe withdrawal symptoms may aggravate underlying conditions or co-existing substance abuse issues. For example, Percolone detoxification may increase blood pressure and pulse in a way that worsens some heart conditions. Detoxification can also cause pain to return in those taking Percolone to relieve pain from a chronic condition, such as cancer or arthritis.
Outpatient Care Possible Complications
With anti-withdrawal measures and professional guidance, outpatient care reduces the risk for complications associated with severe withdrawal symptoms but outpatients may still have trouble with treatment. For example, the physician may have trouble establishing a safe and effective does, causing the return of mild withdrawal symptoms. Additionally, the patient may become dependent on the opioid replacement drugs and remain on methadone or buprenorphine for months or years.
Abuse of methadone or buprenorphine is also a complication of outpatient detoxification; this abuse can lead to death. Even though methadone sales account for only 2 percent of the prescription painkiller market, methadone overdoses represent about a third of deaths associated with opioid pain relievers. The number of methadone deaths has risen dramatically: in 2009, there were 5.5 times as many deaths associated with methadone as there were in 1999.
Many of these deaths were due to methadone abuse and abusing this drug along with other substances. There is a risk for death when abusing buprenorphine as well, especially when combining buprenorphine with benzodiazepines.
Inpatient Detox Possible Complications
Inpatient care protects the patient from complications of Percolone detoxification, but someone can still experience problems with withdrawal from multiple substances, especially alcohol, benzodiazepines, sedatives and anti-anxiety drugs.
Rapid Detox Possible Complications
Infrequently, someone can have an allergic or hypersensitivity reaction to the drugs used in rapid detox. Strong sedatives may cause breathing problems, high blood pressure, and a rapid pulse in some people. Someone might experience swelling, bruising, or infection at the anesthesia injection site.
Scientists have been studying opioid dependence for decades. In that time, actual doctors and opioid-dependent people have gathered countless years of clinical experience with dependence and detoxification. Despite all this information, myths surrounding Percolone detoxification prevent some people from getting the help they need to reach an opioid-free state.
Self Detox Myths
Myth: Only criminals and recreational drug abusers become dependent.
Fact: Anyone who takes opioids regularly for more than a few weeks can become opioid-dependent, whether he takes it to get high or as part of a prescribed treatment plan. Currently, more than three percent of American adults are receiving long-term opioid therapy for the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain. Opioid dependence is a neurological condition that develops as easily in people with good morals as it does in those with poor character.
Myth: Self-detoxification is easy - anyone with enough determination can do it.
Fact: While willpower helps someone refuse drugs when offered, self-control has little to do with the intense physiological process of Percolone detoxification. Severe withdrawal symptoms respond to medical treatment the patient receives, not his level of determination.
Outpatient Detox Myths
Myth: It is more cost-effective to let drug addicts dry out in jail than to provide treatment.
Fact: Incarceration is more expensive than treatment. A year of imprisonment costs an average of $24, 000 per prisoner while that same year of methadone maintenance is likely to cost only about $4,700 per patient. Furthermore, imprisonment adversely affects the opioid-dependent individual, the already overburdened court systems, and the overcrowded jails.
Myth: Methadone makes the consumer fat.
Fact: Methadone reverses many of the ill effects of drug abuse, restoring a healthy appetite that increases eating patterns and improves muscle mass. Additionally, methadone may slow metabolism to cause weight gain in some consumers.
Inpatient Detox Myths
Myth: Opioid dependence is hopeless - everyone always relapses.
Fact: The relapse rates for drug addiction are similar to those associated with other chronic diseases, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or asthma, between 40 and 60 percent. Relapse does not mean recovery efforts have failed but a relapse does mean the individual must return to treatment.
Myth: Communities cannot afford to waste money on drug treatment programs right now.
Fact: Communities cannot afford to ignore the potential savings from treatment programs. Experts estimate every dollar spent on drug treatment programs returns $4 to $7 in reduced drug-related crime rates and associated criminal justice costs. Add in savings to the local healthcare system and these returns rise to $12 gained for every dollar invested.
Rapid Detox Myths
Myth: The pain and humiliation of the Percolone detoxification process is necessary, as it teaches a lesson about drug abuse.
Fact: Suffering is never appropriate in any treatment plan. In fact, the uncomfortable and demoralizing experience can actually interfere with recovery. Rapid detox is the most humane and efficient approach to medical Percolone detoxification in that it erases pain and embarrassment from the equation.
Myth: It takes days or weeks to complete Percolone detoxification.
Fact: In the hands of a reputable expert, rapid detox brings the patient to an opioid-free state in one to two hours. Patients usually stay in the hospital for a couple of days after the procedure before moving to an aftercare clinic.
Detox and Pregnancy
Opioid-dependent women are more likely to develop certain medical conditions than are non-dependent females. These conditions include heart disease, mood disorders, anemia, blood infections, pneumonia, hepatitis, and infectious diseases including sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS. Opioid-dependent women may suffer gestational diabetes, or blood sugar levels that fluctuate wildly during pregnancy.
The disorders associated with opioid dependency may cause problems during pregnancy. These complications increase the risk for harm to both the mother and the unborn child during pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Complications can include hemorrhage and uncontrolled bleeding, separation or inflammation of the tissues shared by the mother and baby, slowed fetal growth, premature labor and delivery, spontaneous abortion, and fetal death.
These issues can make the Percolone detoxification process unsafe for pregnant women and their unborn babies. Methadone reduces these complications. Methadone maintenance is currently the only approved treatment plan for opioid-dependent pregnant women. Babies born to women taking methadone during pregnancy typically remain under close observation in the hospital for the first 72 hours of life.
Self Detox and Pregnancy
Self-detoxification may be unsafe for pregnant women. A pregnant woman should consult with her doctor before trying to taper use or quit cold turkey. A pregnant woman should never create a home remedy that includes prescription and non-prescription drugs.
Outpatient and Pregnancy
A pregnant woman may choose to start methadone maintenance treatments as an outpatient. She comes to the outpatient clinic in the morning to drink a beverage containing methadone then returns at night for evaluation, where doctors will raise or lower her dosage based on her response to treatment. A pregnant woman usually starts on 10 to 20 mg of methadone each day, with dosage increases of 5 to 10 mg. Some women need stronger doses towards the end of pregnancy. The maximum daily dose for pregnant women is usually 60 mg.
Inpatient and Pregnancy
Many physicians recommend pregnant women start methadone maintenance treatments in a hospital, where doctors can evaluate the patient closely and nurses can monitor for complications. Many inpatient facilities offer fetal movement monitoring to determine the baby’s response to treatment. An inpatient stay usually lasts for three days as doctors establish a safe and effective methadone dose.
Opiate detox symptoms
Percolone detoxification causes uncomfortable flu-like symptoms to appear a few hours after the last dose. The patient may feel anxious and seem agitated. He may have trouble sleeping and complain of muscle aches or restless leg syndrome. He might have watery eyes, a runny nose, and seem to yawn or sweat excessively.
The patient will suffer stomach cramps accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The pupils of his eyes may widen and he might develop goose bumps.
What is the best method to detox from this drug?
Each person responds to Percolone detoxification a little differently. Some can reach an opioid-free state at home in just a few days while others require around-the-clock care and powerful anti-withdrawal medications. The best method for detoxification depends largely on the individual’s need for support.
The patient should evaluate her own ability to abstain from drugs and her need for structure then choose the most flexible form of treatment that still brings her to an opioid-free state in a safe and effective manner. She should base her choice on her own ability to cooperate and benefit from the type of treatment offered.
- Percolone Detox