OxyContin (oxycodone hydrochloride) is a prescription medication intended for the relief of moderate to severe pain that is around the clock and expected to last. The medication comes in the form of a controlled-release tablet that allows for the drug to be administered every 12 hours. OxyContin is available in the following dosages: 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 30mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, 80 mg and 160 mg. The three highest dosages are meant for patients who are already tolerant to opioids. OxyContin is very powerful and therefore not meant for occasional, short-term or mild pain.
Millions of people develop chronic or terminal illnesses and conditions that cause intolerable pain. They rely on OxyContin to get through their days and many are able to take it safely. OxyContin contains oxycodone, an opioid agonist and Schedule II Controlled Substance. Prescription medications are classified according to a schedule that weighs medical use and abuse potential. Though it is approved for medical use, it has a very high potential for abuse.
OxyContin Should Be Taken According to Prescription Guidelines
Treatment with OxyContin should always be tailored to the patient. In many cases, doctors start patients on therapy with non-narcotic analgesics or less potent opioids. When appropriate, doctors are urged to start patients on the lowest possible dose of opioids such as OxyContin. A follow-up with the patient can help determine if the medication is working and whether adjustments to the dosage need to be made. OxyContin tablets are meant to be swallowed whole and not crushed, broken or chewed. Some people who abuse them do this to snort or inject the medication for quick absorption. This could result in a potentially fatal dose of OxyContin flooding the system.
There are some very common side effects associated with OxyContin. Others are more serious, even life threatening. Constipation is very common among people who take OxyContin. Other possible side effects include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, sweating and weakness. An allergic reaction will present with signs that can include rash, hives, itching, difficult breathing, tightness in the chest and swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue. Other serious side effects include confusion, fainting, difficult urination, hallucinations, rapid heartbeat, severe dizziness or drowsiness, seizures, tremors and vision changes.
OxyContin Detox Can Help Address a Painful Withdrawal
OxyContin detox is essential for people who have become dependent physically and/or mentally. This is because it brings with it a very painful opioid withdrawal, which can be dangerous and jeopardize health. Symptoms can include severe cravings, tremors, extreme flu-like symptoms, anxiety and possible seizures. The drug has also been linked to accidental deaths due to overdose. OxyContin is a central nervous system depressant and should not be used with other substances that have this effect (alcohol, other narcotics, tranquilizers, sedatives etc.).
The most important thing to know about OxyContin is that it should be taken under supervision from a doctor and according to prescription guidelines. Failure to do so could result in dependence, addiction, overdose or death.