Codeine, Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Potassium Iodide

  • Generic Name or Active Ingridient: Codeine
Drug Class: Codeine, Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine And Potassium Iodide > Codeine > Opiate > Opioids > Opioid Agonist > Analgesic.

Uses

Codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide is used to treat cough and congestion in children. This preparation is especially effective in treating disturbing and fatiguing cough associated with upper respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis, croup, pharyngitis, allergic bronchitis, and infectious bronchitis. Learn More About Codeine, Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Potassium Iodide Uses

Administration/Dosage

Codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide is available in a brand name formula known as Pediacof. It is available in a pleasant-tasting, raspberry-flavored cough syrup especially formulated for children.

Each 5 ml teaspoon contains 5 mg of codeine, 2.5 mg of phenylephrine, 0.75 mg of chlorpheniramine and 75 mg of potassium iodide.

If your child's pediatrician has recommended your child take this medicine on a regular schedule and your child has missed a dose, administer the dose as soon as you remember. If it is nearly time to take a regularly scheduled dose and your child can tolerate the symptoms, skip the missed dose and resume the schedule as normal. Never administer two doses in an effort to catch up.

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Action

When an irritant enters your nose, throat or lungs, your nervous system sends a message to the brain that it should cough forcefully enough to expel the irritants. Codeine acts directly on the part of the brain responsible for the cough reflex. Codeine blocks neural impulses, making the brain unaware of the need to cough. When your body senses an allergen, it produces histamines. Histamines cause sneezing, runny noses and watery eyes. Chlorpheniramine is an antihistamine, which means it stops the products of the histamines that bring about these unpleasant symptoms. Phenylephrine relieves a stuffy nose by shrinking blood vessels in your nasal passages. Dilated blood vessels in your nose lead to congestion and stuffiness. Phenylephrine opens up your nasal passages, making it easier for you to breathe. Potassium iodide is an expectorant. It thins mucus to make it easier to cough out of your lungs and blow out of your nose.

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Precautions

Give your doctor and pharmacist a complete list of all your child's allergies. Do not give this drug to a child who is allergic to any component of the medication. Allergic reaction is a serious medical condition that can deteriorate quickly into a life-and-death emergency. Contact your doctor or local emergency room immediately if you think your child is suffering an allergic reaction to this medication.

Symptoms of an allergic reaction include hives, itchiness, rashes and watery eyes. Symptoms of a severe reaction may include abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, anxiety, feeling lightheaded or nausea and vomiting.

Tell your doctor about any serious illnesses including kidney disease, heart disease, lung disease, especially asthma or emphysema. Let your doctor know if you have ever had high blood pressure, overactive thyroid, diabetes, glaucoma, prostate trouble, depression or a history of drug dependency.

This medication can make the user drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive a car, operate heavy machinery or engage in dangerous activities that require you to be alert and awake. Drinking alcohol and taking some medications, especially over-the-counter cold medicines, may worsen drowsiness. This medicine may make you dizzy if you stand up too fast, especially when rising from bed in the morning. To avoid dizziness, sit at the edge of the bed for three minutes before standing up slowly. Consuming alcohol may enhance dizziness and drowsiness associated with codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide.

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Warnings

The FDA classifies medicines according to the potential harm the drug can have on your unborn child. The FDA has classified codeine as a pregnancy Category C, which means scientists do not yet know how codeine might affect your unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking codeine. If you become pregnant while taking codeine, call your doctor immediately. Your baby may experience withdrawal symptoms or respiratory depression if you take this drug late in your pregnancy. Codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide should only be used when the benefits to the mother outweigh the risk to the baby.

Codeine is excreted in breast milk. Do not take codeine while breastfeeding.

You may experience withdrawal symptoms after you stop taking this drug, especially if you have been taking large doses of codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide or have been using it for a long time. Do not stop taking this drug suddenly unless directed to do so by your doctor. Wean yourself from this drug by taking smaller doses further apart. Talk with your doctor if you experience withdrawal symptoms. More Warnings About Using Codeine, Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Potassium Iodide

Drug Interactions

Your doctor may change your dosage or switch to a different drug if you are taking medications that interact with codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide in an unfavorable or unsafe way. Keep a list of all your prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and herbal remedies; give an updated list to your doctor and pharmacist so they can spot potentially dangerous drug interactions before they happen.

Tell your doctor if you are taking medicine to treat your blood pressure, heart disease, thyroid disease or depression. Also, tell your doctor if you have taken MAO inhibitors in the previous 14 days. Tell your physician if you are taking cimetidine or narcotic pain medications, especially codeine.

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Side effects

Patients have reported some side effects while taking codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide. Contact your doctor if these side effects become intolerable or don't go away on their own.

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Overdose

Call 1-800-222-1222 immediately, or contact your local emergency room, if you think that you or someone you know has taken an overdose of codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide. Overdose is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that can deteriorate quickly and without warning. Overdose symptoms include:

  • Drowsiness.
  • Nausea or Vomiting.
  • Irregular Heartbeat.
  • Shaking.
  • Numbness or Tingling in Arms or Legs.
  • Hot or Cold Skin.
  • Slowed Breathing.
  • Large and Unchanging Pupils.
  • Deep Sleep or Loss of Consciousness.

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Abuse

The United Stated Drug Enforcement Administration classifies drugs according to their potential for abuse as a way to predict which medications carry a high risk for dependence and addiction. The DEA classifies this drug as a Schedule II drug, which means it is associated with a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. When codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide is used as prescribed for short periods of time, it carries a lower risk for physical dependence than when this drug is abused. Narcotics are frequently used for recreational purposes because of the pleasant feeling of relaxation and euphoria codeine causes. Recreational use of codeine carries an increased risk for dependency and addiction. Recreational users and abusers get codeine by forging prescriptions, calling in bogus orders to pharmacies, going to multiple doctors or by stealing codeine. Codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide is also widely available on the street.

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Withdrawal

Withdrawal symptoms are not necessarily a sign that someone has been willfully abusing drugs in an illegal manner. In fact, the medical community views withdrawal symptoms as a normal, predictable side effect of using narcotics to control pain. Withdrawal symptoms are different for each person; some people can stop using codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide without any help at all while other people need the assistance of a qualified rehabilitation specialist. Talk with your doctor if you experience withdrawal symptoms strong enough to prevent you from quitting codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide without help.

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Detox

Detoxification and rehabilitation is a complex medical procedure designed to address the complicated issue of dependence and addiction. You may need the help of qualified rehabilitation specialists to help you detoxify your body from the effects ofcodeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide. Rapid detox is a humane way to detoxify your body - you are anesthetized and sedated while specialists safely and effectively cleanse codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide from your system. You awaken, free from physical addiction, with no recollection of the unpleasant withdrawal and detoxification process. Talk with your physician to find out if rapid detox is the right choice for you, or if you should seek help from conventional rehabilitation procedures. Professional rehabilitation practices include detoxification, cleansing, rehabilitation and counseling. There are in-patient and out-patient services in your area.

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Storage

This medicine should be stored away from excessive heat, moisture and light. Keep this medicine at temperatures between 59 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Do not store codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide in your bathroom or car. Keep this medicine in tightly sealed containers. Keep this drug and all opioids out of the reach of children and pets. Prevent adults from willfully or accidentally taking this drug. Count your doses and keep track of your medicine - report missing doses to your doctor or pharmacist.

Dispose of unused codeine, chlorpheniramine, phenylephrine and potassium iodide when you no longer need this medication or when the doctor tells you to stop using it. Consult with your pharmacist about the best way to dispose of this drug. Do not flush it down the toilet unless your pharmacist or physician instructs you to do so.

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Miscellaneous information

Miscellaneous Information About Codeine, Chlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine and Potassium Iodide