Generic Name or Active Ingridient: Codeine.
Codeine is a narcotic analgesic that is used for the control of mild to moderate pain. It also has secondary effects that include constipation and depressed respiratory function. It is a natural alkaloid of the opium poppy plant.
Opiates interfere with nerve transmission in sensory pathways in the brain and body that signal pain. This is why they are prized for their ability to control pain. In addition, codeine can be used in cough medicine and to control diarrhea.
What Is The Central Nervous System Responsible For?
The body's central nervous system is depressed by opiates, resulting in pain relief and slowed breathing. The central nervous system controls our ability to breath. It also keeps our hearts beating.
This means that codeine's depressant effect on the central nervous system can cause body functions such as heart rate and respiration to slow down. In the case of a codeine overdose, the heart and respiration can stop, leading to death.
Codeine Warnings That Involve CNS Depression
One of the strongest warnings associated with opiates such as codeine is that it can be deadly when mixed with other substances that depress the central nervous system. People who use or abuse codeine in conjunction with alcohol, other narcotics, sedatives, hypnotics and muscle relaxers put themselves at great risk.
We've all heard about people - friends, family, celebrities and athletes - who died after combining opiates with these other substances. It makes for a lethal combination and people who take these substances together are essentially playing Russian roulette with their lives.
Codeine Misuse Can Become Problematic Quickly
Use that follows the guidelines of a prescription can be completely safe and effective, but any type of misuse can lead to codeine dependence and addiction. Opiate addiction is recognized as a central nervous system disorder caused by the continual intake of opiates.
Misuse of codeine can quickly lead to opiate dependence and addiction. These medications can be very difficult to stop taking without help from a professional program. Codeine detox and rehab centers have been established throughout the country to help with this escalating problem. Patients must be safely detoxed to minimize the risks of codeine withdrawal and to help them move forward with a continued recovery program.